This is the last and highest hamlet of Caldes. Rising at the foothill of a hillock with the evocative remains of a medieval Rocca, Caldes boasts a huge extension of orchards that represent the key element of the village’s economic development.
The first evidences of the toponym dating back to 1211 (de Summoclivo) refer to the village’s position “on top of a slope”. The finding of a bronze coin of the Imperial times bears witness to the presence of a Roman settlement. The presence of a fortified Rocca belonging to the Caldesio and Thunn families had a deep influence on its history. Samoclevo was involved in the riots of 1407 and 1525. Up to 1805 the small rural community was self-ruling according to the regulations of a Carta di Regola, drawn up in 1618. From 1810 through 1819 and from 1850 through 1861 the village was joined with the Caldes municipality. The final merger with Caldes dates back to 1928. First reporting to the Malè Parish, the Samoclevo chapel reported to the independent curacy of Caldes until the early 18th Century and became independent afterwards. The village was the birthplace of the Ciolli brothers, who played an important role in Trentino during the Risorgimento.
An ancient church dedicated to San Vigilio was already there in the mid 15th Century. The current church was rebuilt in the first quarter of the 19th Century. The aisle-less interior houses three marble and imitation marble altars. The main altarpiece, that is a canvass portraying the Last supper and the wall painting of the Assunzione di Maria as well as the Via crucis stations have been attributed to the Val di Fiemme painter Antonio Vanzo junior (1792-1853).
Above Samoclevo, on top of a hillock, are the remains of a fortified Rocca (Stronghold) that used to belong to the Caldesio and Thunn families. The embattled donjon and some remnants of enclosing walls and outbuildings, partially turned into sheds, are the only remains of the monumental building. Proven by documents only since the early 15th Century, but certainly older, as suggests the tower shape, the Rocca was the seat of the Rabbi feudal jurisdiction. The stronghold was long contended for by the Trento Prince-Bishops and by Tyrol’s Dukes. In 1525, during a peasant riot, the Rocca was attacked by the rebels who could not conquer it. Last Century it was quit by the Thunn and it became the property of the local peasants. The palace and the chapel tumbled down and were partly demolished (1885).
Tourist Board - Azienda Turismo Val di Sole
Tel. +39 0463 901280 - Fax +39 0463 901563