This is the first hamlet that you will encounter when entering into Val di Rabbi. Located on the orographic left side of the Rabbies stream, Pracorno is quite striking due to its terraced fields. Pracorno is also the third largest hamlet in Val di Rabbi and it is surrounded by numerous groups of houses, each area with its own name including Favari, Ingenga, Dadi, Cagliàri, Tomasi, Pozze, Scolari, Citoi, Parolotti. The hamlet’s main economic activities are sawmilling and cattle breeding like the rest of the valley.
According to local folklore, the hamlet’s place name – which can be found in a document dated 1338 – comes from the word meadow (prato in Italian) with reference to the meadow where the Lords from Castel Caldes used to play a horn (corno in Italian) during their hunting outings. In a document dated 1312, there were already several areas called Vidè, Ingenga and Oltem with groups of “masi” (typical rural homes) that together formed Pracorno. From the late Middle Ages to the early 19th century, Pracorno, just like the rest of the valley, was under the feudal jurisdiction of the Caldesio and Thunn families. In 1800 it became part of the Rabbi municipality along with San Bernardo and Piazzola. In 1802, the first church, dedicated to the “Madonna di Caravaggio”, was built and the house of the curacy was built in 1829.
The current church was built between 1846 and 1850, replacing the previous church that was only about 50 years old. “This is a building based on the needs of the faithful, without any pretension to art, who’s main goal is the comfort of its parishioners” (Simone Weber, 1936). The apse has frescoe paintings that were painted around 1937 with scenes from the life of Mary – by Agostino Aldi from Mantova (1860-1939).The wooden statues of the Madonna are from the Garda School of the early 20th century. There is also an 18th century canvass with an image of the “Madonna di Caravaggio”.
Visit the “Molino Ruatti” watermill museum, located just before the hamlet of Pracorno on the main road.
For at least seven centuries, the wheels of the mill have been powered by the Rabbiés stream and the nearby creeks.
The first historical information that can be found of the mill dates back to the 13th century, when these types of mills became part of the prince bishop’s properties due to their economic importance. This mill was still functioning during the last century, but now it has become a part of the valley’s history. It is possible to visit both the mill and the area where the miller and his family lived. Above the mill’s wheels there is a painting depicting the Virgin Mary of Caravaggio that dates back to 1830.
The Autonomous Province of Trento carefully restored the mill maintaining its original features and it has now become a museum where everyone can experience just what the life of a miller was like.