Under the Austrian Empire, Peio paese (so called to distinguish it from the tourist resort named Peio Terme), boasted the fact of being the highest village of all the Habsburg dominion, located at a height of 1584 metres. A little jewel both because of its beautiful Alpine style buildings and of the artistic value of its church, Peio paese still boasts an active "caseificio turnario" (a traditional cheese making factory) run by an association of local families. On the San Rocco hillock, right by an evocative little church, there is a monument dedicated to the soldiers fallen during WW1.
The pre Latin toponym – recalled in a document dated 1200 (in Pello) – recalling the Celtic Pelus bears witness, along with the archaeological remains on the San Rocco hillock, to the presence of human inhabitants before the arrival of the Romans. Since the late Middle Ages to the beginning of the 19th Century the village was independently governed according to the rules of a "Carta di Regola", dating back to 1522, even if there are evidences of two rules as early as in 1338. During the 14th Century the village had a church of its own and in 1481 got a resident priest. During the 16th Century it became one of the seven “sindacati” of the Ossana Parish along with Comasine. Between 1810 and 1819 it became an independent municipality and remained such under the Austrian empire (Peio boasted the fact of being the highest municipality – 1584 m – of the Habsburg dominion). During the 20th Century Peio was still a municipality, but its administrative centre was moved to Cogolo.
The church dedicated to Saints George and Lazarus rebuilt in the 15th Century looks like a gothic building with an irregular, animated construction. The bell tower is detached from the church and boasts a stone pyramid-shaped pinnacle. It was built by craftsmen coming from Como between 1480 and 1483. The south wall is frescoed with the image of a giant Saint Christopher with other personages and noble coats of arms.
The interior of the Parish church comprises two aisles, separated by memorial pillars, with a ribbed vault. The furnishings are particularly noteworthy: the large Baroque niche of the main altar from Lenner incorporates the remains of a late-Gothic altar dating back to the early 16th Century; the 1686 pulpit is by Domenico Bezzi; the 17th Century alter of the Disciplini is of German school; the wooden stalls date back to the 18th Century.
Ufficio Informazioni Peio
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Consorzio Turistico Pejo 3000
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