Cogolo represents the administrative and economic heart of Val di Peio, the municipal centre of the commune which takes in the valley for its whole length. It is situated at the confluence of two tributaries of the River Noce, the Mar and the Monte. Cogolo can boast very diversified economic activities, each of which are linked to the mountain environment of the valley. First among these is the “Pejo” mineral water plant that is known throughout Italy. The water arrives at the bottling plant through a two kilometre long aqueduct that begins at the Fonte Alpina di Peio. An important role is played by cattle, sheep and goat raising which produces organic dairy products of great quality. It is this that makes Cogolo a summer and winter tourist resort of great importance, with its beautiful landscapes, comfortable strolls. It also acts as a base for exciting excursions into the mountains.
The town of Cogolo, which today is the Municipal centre of Peio, only assumed a central position in the political-administrative life of the valley during the 20th century. In earlier centuries it formed part of nearby communities – first Pegaia and then Celledizzo – for both civil and religious reasons. It was recorded in the Wangianus Codex of 1215 as Cogullo, when the village was structured in two districts: colomello de fora and colomello di dentro. Between the end of the 15th century and the beginning of the 19th century, it was the residence of the Noble family Migazzi of Lombard origins, who built a beautiful mansion which still exists today. In 1853 the Austrian police arrested Pier Fortunato Calvi, a fervent supporter of Mazzini. Between 1810 and 1814, Cogolo formed part of the Commune of Celledizzo and during the fascist era it was united with Peio.
In a position a short distance from the centre of the town is a complex that consists of the ancient church of Saints Phillip and James, the 16th century chapel of Saint Rocco (today used as a wood store) and the ancient palazzo of the Migazzi family (today used as a rectory and library). The home of the nobles was once fortified, and has now lost much of its original appearance (inside there are still traces of the tower), after undergoing countless transformations. The church, which was rebuilt in 1332 – as testified to by an inscription on the north wall – by someone named Dolzanus, holds some interesting paintings: a series of internal frescoes depicting the story of Saint Catherine which were painted at the end of the 15th century and the external paintings on the north wall done by Giovanni Angelo Valorsa in 1643 with scenes from Christ’s Passion (Last Supper, Scourging and Resurrection) and saints. On the supporting walls of the apse there is a wooden baroque ancona which holds a late gothic casket. The main 18th century altar is made of polychromatic marble. The right hand altar holds a Madonna and saints that can be attributed to an artist from the Fiemmese school. The bell tower bears the fragmentary image of Saint Christopher and can be dated to 1370-80.
a must see
At the entrance to Val di la Mar, in an isolated position, one finds the small cemetery church of Pegaia, the only survivor of an ancient village that disappeared under a landslide in 1431. The church, dedicated to Saint Bartolomeo, is decorated by several images that include an impressive Saint Christopher and frescoes dating back to 1513. Of particular interest is the graffiti that mentions the plague of 1630.
Ufficio Informazioni Peio
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Consorzio Turistico Pejo 3000
Tel. +39 0463 754345 - Fax +39 0463 754455