The Castle of Ossana and Parco della Pace
Malè – Ossana: km 16,5
There are not many castles in Val di Sole (Caldés, Croviana, Ossana, Cógolo): this is a consequence of the extreme independence of the local population and of the careful control of the Prince-Bishops of Trent (1004-1802) on this border area of their domains. The castle of St. Michele at Ossana very likely dates back to the Longobard times (6th - 8th Centuries), although the first written witnesses of its presence are to be found in 1191. Several noble households inhabited the castle: first there were some Bishop officials, then - at different times - the Counts Tirolo-Gorizia. During the 15th Century, the appointment went to the de Federici family, from the nearby Val Camonica; then to the Heydorf and Bertelli families. Between the 19th and the 20th Centuries, Bertha von Suttner, Nobel Prize winner for peace in 1905 as well as Alfred Nobel’s Egeria nymph, shared the ownership of the castle. The castle is located in a magnificent position: it rises on an rocky cliff (almost inaccessible on three sides) that serves as a basis to the recently reinforced building. The square tower is an eye-catching reference point throughout the upper Val di Sole.
Ossana, former Parish in medieval times, boasts the church of St. Vigilio (the Bishop who brought the Christian religion into Trentino during the 4th and 5th Centuries): the façade is enriched by a Renaissance portico; both the main altar and the pulpit inside are the job of the Ramus (who, along with Lenner and the Bezzi family, represented one of the most prestigious woodcarving schools in Val di Sole and Val di Non. The baroque altar-pieces, that many churches still boast today, were caved and gold-plated in their workshops).
Fucine is a hamlet by Ossana, whose very name (meaning forge) reminds us that most iron ore extracted in Val di Sole used to be melt and processed here by Lombard workers, who finally influenced the language spoken by the local inhabitants.
A little to the East from the village, at the foot of an 18th Century church, opens the former Austrian-Hungarian war cemetery, where over 1,400 soldiers victims of WW1 on the Tonale battlefront were buried with military honours. The plane, where rises a monument dedicated to the Kaiserschütze (by Othmar Schrott-Vorst, 1917), has recently been renamed “Parco della Pace”, as a symbol of fraternity amongst different countries.
An easy walk leads from Ossana up to Val Piana, boasting a breath-taking view over the imposing Ortles-Cevedale range (with the m. 3,645 high mount Vioz) behind. Opposite Val Piana, the view encompasses mount Gìner (m. 2955), linked to the Presanella range.

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