Pellizzano, a commune formed by Pellizzano and Ognano and the mountain hamlets of Termenago and Castello, has in recent years been marked by a period of continuous expansion. It has acquired fame as a summer resort, a vocation that has been accompanied by residential development. In the context of this growth, other more traditional activities have found new life, such as zootechnics, the wood trade, commerce and artisanship.
Both Pellizzano and Ognano were founded in Roman times. They have names that derive from the Latin “Pellitius” and “Aunius”, perhaps Roman veteran soldiers who were given this land as prizes after many victorious campaigns. In the middle ages, a legend describes the passage through Pellizzano of Charlemagne. Here the legend has it that the Frankish emperor converted pagans and Jews and built the still existing church. In reality the first certain news of the village comes from beginning of the 13th century, which speaks of an active centre, dedicated to agriculture and cattle raising. It was after the plague of 1347 that numerous Lombard families arrived in the village to work in the nearby iron mines in Val di Peio. This was the beginning of massive immigration that we still find today in the dialect, which is very particular and of obvious Lombard origins, spoken by the inhabitants of Pellizzano. The village was often used as a strategic centre during the various wars that involved Trentino. This was particularly true of the Spanish War of Succession (1700-1714) and the Polish war (1733-1738), during the Hofer war of 1809 and the First World War.
The Renaissance – Gothic style church of Pellizzano, dedicated to the Nativity of Mary, is the most highly regarded religious building in Val di Sole. Legend has it that Charlemagne built it, while archive documents mention it in 1264. The present structure, comprising the huge bell tower, is the result of several restorations that took place between 1470 and 1590, which completely transformed the ancient romantic building. Inside the church is divided into three naves by numerous classical style circular columns, placed on high bases and covered by ribbed cross vaults. The most artistic elements include: the Clesian style protiro of 1524, which was frescoed by the painter Simone Baschenis in 1533; the large internal murals painted by the brothers Giovanni and Battista Baschenis in 1470; the large fresco portraying the Madonna and Child, several saints and the disciples painted by Cipriano Valorsa in 1571; four wooden altars from the 17th and 18th centuries; a canvass (1630) by Carlo Pozzi (circa 1610-1676); the Canacci chapel with its marvellous stuccos; the beautiful Way of the Cross (1782) by Carl Henrici (1737-1823).
The lake of the Caprioli, at Fazzon, has become one of the symbols of summer hiking in Val di Sole. This artificial lake was created in 1960 and offers magnificent and easy walks, immersed in the woods at the foot of the highest peaks of the Presanella group of mountains. It is place that is suitable for everybody, with its beauty and comfort, with the presence of a mountain refuge-restaurant on the banks of the lake.