Nature and mountain landscapes in the Stelvio National Park
The Stelvio National Park is the most extensive protected natural area in the entire Alpine arch, completely encompassing the Ortles-Cevedale Massif, where you can see its snowcapped peaks even during the summer. The Trentino side of the Park extends into the two valleys called Peio and Rabbi. As you walk through the larch and spruce tree forests, you can see many protected animals including deer, roe deer, chamois, hares and marmots, in addition to ermines and eagles, all in their natural habitat among these unspoilt surroundings. The Park also has a countless number of trails and paths that you can try on your own or with an expert Guide.
|Protected nature area in the heart of the Central Alps|
A TRULY NATURAL AND PRISTINE WORLD
The Stelvio National park, established in 1935, is the largest of the alpine arch covering 134.620 hectares of land and divided amongst 24 municipalities and 4 provinces (Trento, Bolzano, Brescia and Sondrio). The part of the park that is in the Trentino region, extends into two side valleys: the Peio valley and the Rabbi valley. Here, the presence of the Park has had an important role in maintaining the balance between man-nature. This was once a natural relationship that was passed down amongst rural culture: respect for the territory and its natural resources, a sense of responsibility that generations had towards their own origins and an inbred sense of modesty of the inhabitants of these valleys. Today, one of the main goals of the Park's organization is to protect the territory (through monitoring, censuses, environmental and land recovery) and the other is to valorize and promote the Park through informed and respectful tourism.
The scenery offered by the Stelvio National Park is truly unique: majestic peaks, luxuriant forests, green mountain pastures, waterfalls, bubbly streams and shepherd’s huts on the mountainside that stand in complete harmony with the environment in which they were created. The diverse landscape of this territory, characterized by its different altitudes, allows several ecosystems of diverse animal species to live together in the same territory and it is also the perfect home for a rich quantity of flora.
FLORA IN THE STELVIO NATIONAL PARK
The Park's altitude varies between 650 m and 3899 m (Mount Ortles). Therefore, the vegetation differs according to the various altitude strips, that come one after the other, and continually changes according to the altitude and other environmental factors. Many broad leaved trees can be found at the lower altitudes, but the majority are all coniferous trees such as the norway spruce. At a higher altitude, larches and swiss pine trees dominate the mountain. In the area where shrubs and bushes grow, the vegetation includes mountain pines, rhododendrons and the green alder, while at the highest elevations there are mountain pastures with various species of herbaceous plants.
FAUNA OF THE STELVIO NATIONAL PARK
The Park has about thirty different species of mammals, 131 species of birds, various reptiles and amphibians, several types of fish and many invertebrates. The deer and roe deer populations are the most numerous followed by the chamois and the alpine ibex at a higher elevation. In addition to the presence of groundhogs, squirrels, alpine hare, ermines, pine marten, beech-marten, badgers and foxes.
Amongst the tetraonidae there are capercaillies, black grouse, hazel grouse and at higher altitudes there are other types of galliformes such as the ptarmigan and the rock partridge. An important part of the Park is the golden eagle, the Park's symbol, and the bearded vulture which has just recently re-inhabited this area.
In order to totally immerse yourself in this environment there are many clearly marked itineraries to choose from suited for children, the elderly all the way to the most expert climber.
GEOLOGY OF THE STELVIO NATIONAL PARK
From a geological point of view, the Par's territory is quite varied: it is possible to find both igneous and sedimentary rock, the majority of the area is however metamorphic rock such as gneiss and granite that morphologically creates a series of mountain peaks and characteristic alpine valleys, where an abundant amount of water is present in the many streams, brooks and alpine lakes.
It is also possible to visit the Park while accompanied by the PARK'S GUIDES. These guided visits take place during the entire year, even during the winter season with snowshoes on. There are special packages reserved for school groups with the possibility of staying in accommodations that are within the Park.
In addition to the many naturalistic itineraries there are also numerous possibilities to visit the Park that will allow you to appreciate the historical-cultural-environmental aspects such as a visit to one of the many places that still bear witness as to how people once lived and worked (the antique Venetian sawmill, shepherds huts (malghe), mountain farmsteads (masi), traditional dairies) and also museums, forts, botanical trails and wildlife areas.
VISITORS' CENTRE RABBI
Località Rabbi Fonti - 38020 RABBI (TN)
Tel. +39 0463 909774 - firstname.lastname@example.org
VISITORS' CENTRE PEIO
Piazza Municipio 4 - 38024 COGOLO DI PEIO (TN)
Tel. +39 0463 909773 - email@example.com
WILDLIFE AREA PEIO
Località Runcal - 38024 PEIO FONTI (TN)
Tel. +39 0463 909775